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Educational Resources
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ADDIE Model: What It Is and How To Apply It

By Cristian Oana, Mar 17, 2022

addie model

Are you a trainer or an educator who is having a hard time creating a proper instructional design for your course material? Or you are a learner who is having instructional problems? It’s time to take advantage of a more systematic approach to learning: the ADDIE training model.

If you are planning to start your own ADDIE model to have an exquisite learning environment, Venngage for Training & Development has training materials that will help you start your planning phase with its easy and friendly user interface.

Now, let’s learn more about the ADDIE model and how you can apply it to your training materials with Venngage.


Click to jump ahead:

What is the ADDIE model?

ADDIE model or the five stages of development was originally developed during the ’70s for the U.S. Army in the Florida State University until it was adopted by everyone to be a process used by instructional designers and training developers to create effective lesson planning and training programs.

The ADDIE training model is the most commonly used way to create several types of instructional design of learning objectives for any learners whether it’s for school, corporate training or businesses. 

The ADDIE process represents the five phases of the instructional design plan which are Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation. These five phases were established as an effective training method and meant to be followed in sequential order, and on each step, there are intended behavioral outcomes.

addie model

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What is the use of the ADDIE model in teaching and development?

Learning constraints exist, yes. That is why the ADDIE model was invented as a more systematic and easier approach to learning.

Being the most simple, yet effective way of creating an instructional design, the ADDIE method is perfect for achieving your instructional goals.

The ADDIE method will work in training and development because the whole approach was designed to give feedback for the continuous improvement of the project. From the analysis phase to the design phase, the development stage, the implementation stage and up to the summative evaluation, everything is thoroughly discussed to give insights in systematic means. 

Consisting of five phases, the instructional design model of ADDIE will provide an extensive improvement and formative evaluation of any learning materials.

Below is a take on explaining the ADDIE model in a presentation format, which you can edit and make it your own easily:

addie model

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How to apply the ADDIE method to your organization?

To achieve your project goals and to have a more functional learning environment for your organization, just follow the five design phases of the ADDIE method. 

First, think of the project’s goals. Consider your learners and your learning objectives. Would your content assets add to their existing knowledge? Your objective is to give them more information aside from the things that they already know because that’s the purpose of the ADDIE process.

RelatedHow to Write Actionable Learning Objectives [Examples Included]

You can make use of this ADDIE model worksheet to design your own training: 

addie model

Let’s break each step down. Say you are training someone for a customer service job. 

During the analysis phase, you should identify the instructional problems and learning objectives of a customer service representative, as well as the learner’s existing knowledge and skills. 

Next, you need to address any performance gaps identified from the analysis phase. Maybe the learner already has some customer service experience and just looks to improve on certain aspects of the job, or maybe they are a complete newbie. Consolidate all these performance gaps to make your training outline, which can look like this:

addie model

After that, you are now into the development phase. This is the time when you need to assemble all the content assets that you made during your previous phase. 

The fourth stage is the implementation phase in which you develop your training materials. Make sure you add lots of visuals to your training documents to facilitate effective learning.

Read more:

For a training template, check this one out:

addie model

And for the final phase: the evaluation stage. The learner’s feedback is important in this phase to know if your instructional goals are achieved and the training method is a success. You can make use of this feedback form for this stage:

addie model

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FAQs about the ADDIE model

If you have other questions that weren’t answered above, check out these frequently asked questions below to know more about the ADDIE method!

1. What are the 5 steps of the ADDIE model?

Here’s a complete description of the 5 steps:

1) Analysis – This is where instructional theories and goals are established and learners’ existing knowledge were identified.

2) Design – This phase is where assessment instruments, media selection, and lesson planning were recognized and created. This is also where an orderly method of evaluating planned strategies is needed to complete the project goals. Attention to detail is very important for this phase, so everything needs to be specific, systematic, and accurate.

3) Development – The development stage is where the developers create their content assets and where the web-based programmers expand educational technology to develop more concrete learning.

4) Implementation – This phase includes facilitators training the learners for the testing procedures, course curriculum, and learning outcomes, as well as preparing them on the testing procedures of the new tools.

5) Evaluation – The evaluation phase consists of summative evaluation and formative evaluation. Summative evaluation is composed of tests designed for specific items and accepts learners’ feedback, while formative evaluation is visible at every stage of the ADDIE process.

addie model

2. What is the importance of the ADDIE model?

The ADDIE model is a proven and tested method for creating and designing effective training programs. Its entire process has a vital role in achieving a productive and informative learning outcome for the developers, teachers, trainers, especially for the learners.

3. Where is the ADDIE model used?

The ADDIE model is widely and commonly used by instructional designers to provide a more enhanced and precise way of training individuals using the 5 methods or stages. The original hierarchical version of this method was also used to program the military training until it was transformed and became commonly used for all training.

4. What’s the difference between ADDIE and Sam?

Successive Approximation Model or Sam is a simplified version of the ADDIE model. Sam is one of those who tried to challenge the method of the ADDIE model and it is one of the most popular amongst all. The difference between ADDIE and Sam is the method of learning.

The Sam method consists of multiple steps that are often taking place at the same time and still make room for changes and improvement. Sam’s method strongly encourages collaboration between the instructional designer and learners on every step. The collaborations might slow the process down, but the instant feedback is helpful with the whole process and it is appreciated because more feedback means the project will get better each time.

While in the ADDIE method, there’s a certain process that needs to be followed in order for it to be effective. Meaning, one phase must be finished first before you proceed to the next stage, unlike the Sam method.

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In conclusion: Apply the ADDIE model for an effective training program

Regardless of whether you are using the ADDIE method or any other methods, it’s really all up to you as the instructional designer whichever works for your project. 

You can also try to learn different methods to find which one works best or what method will be effective for your teaching. Just make sure that every stage or phase will be a success, not only for you but for everyone who is involved in the process. 

But if you are convinced with the effectiveness of the ADDIE method and you want to start it right away, Venngage for Training & Development will give you constant guidance throughout the different stages. It’s free to get started.